Here is what you need to know about IP address

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You might know about the IP address and its use, however, is another IP address worth reading about.

In short, IP (Internet Protocol) address on your LAN (Local Area Network), either set manually, or assigned automatically by the DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) server running on your router.

Network addressing and routing is really difficult to simply understand but it’s not impenetrable. It only requires an intermediate level of thinking and commitment.

Addresses shown as X.X.X.X are known as IPv4 (Internet Protocol version 4) addresses.

However, there are six similar IPv6 address which are similar in concept. IPv4 address of the form 192.168.X.X are “non-routeable”, hence can’t be seen often on the internet.

Everyone is signed an external (WAN) IP address by their ISP (Internet Service Provider — Vodafone, MTN, Glo, and others), so when your Internet device want access to the internet (e.g. search on Google), it can’t just shoot the packet out onto the net using its LAN address, because the packet will get dropped.

So what happens is that your router translates into NAT (Network Address Translation), and therefore the source address of the out-bound packet becomes the external (WAN) address assigned by your ISP. This then becomes the destination address of the response packet.

When your router sees that packet coming in-bound, it does a reverse fiddle to the destination so IP it is again your internal (LAN) address.

How to log in IP address?

Type in the address bar of your browser. If is not the IP address of your router, please check your router management address in the manual or the router address and the default username and password on the back of the router.

Enter your username and password to log in to your router. Usually, the default username and password are both admin.

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